1828 – The first printing press designed to use the newly invented Cherokee alphabet arrives at New Echota, Georgia.
1847 – The first rescuers reach surviving members of the Donner Party, a group of California-bound emigrants stranded by snow in the Sierra Nevada Mountains.
1812 Wilson Hunt arrives at Astoria, Oregon. Having departed St. Louis more than two years earlier, Wilson Hunt and his party stumble into the fur-trading post of Astoria, Oregon.
|1846||The first Pacific Coast newspaper, Oregon Spectator, is published.|
1875 Pinkertons maim Frank and Jesse James’ mother . Mistakenly believing Frank and Jesse James are hiding out at their family home, a gang of men–likely led by Pinkerton detectives–mount a raid that leaves the outlaws’ mother permanently maimed and their nine-year-old half-brother dead.
On January 24, 1848, James W. Marshall discovered gold on the property of Johann A. Sutter near Coloma, California. A builder, Marshall was overseeing construction of a sawmill on the American River.
1850 Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in California.
1873 A group of Modoc warriors defeats the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War.