This Day…

1862 President Abraham Lincoln issues a proclamation calling for all slaves within the rebel states to be freed on January 1, a political move that helps keep the British from intervening on the side of the South.

 

This Day…

1862 Union soldiers find a copy of Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s orders detailing the Confederates’ plan for the Antietam campaign near Frederick, Maryland. But Union General George B. McClellan was slow to act, and the advantage the intelligence provided was lost. On the morning of September 13, the 27th Indiana rested…

This Day…

On this day in 1844, the western explorer John C. Fremont arrives at the shores of the Great Salt Lake, one of the many areas he will map for the lasting benefit of a westward-moving nation

This Day…

1886: On this day, famed Apache leader Geronimo officially surrendered unconditionally to General Nelson Miles at Fort Sam Houston, becoming the last major Native American to surrender in this fashion. After two years of captivity, he was freed and relocated to the Indian Territory of Colorado, where died many years later.

This Day…

1874- Waverly – Lexington, Missouri- two robberies attributed to the James gang occurred with twenty five miles apart on the same day. Many reports stated that the robbers were recognized. Later the witnesses recanted after visiting with Zerelda James-Samuel.

This Day…

1872- Niagara Falls, New York/Canada- James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok starred in the Grand Buffalo Hunt at Niagara Falls, Ontario. Although there were only three buffalo to be “hunted”, the Native American and Mexican cowboys presented a thrilling display of roping and riding in Canada’s first Wild West show. The show was a financial failure, unable to draw enough to even pay Wild Bill’s salary.

This Day…

1896- Oklahoma- Bill Doolin was approaching his father-in-law’s farmhouse, where his wife and child were staying. Lawmen led by Heck Thomas, however, had learned of Doolin’s presence in the area and were waiting in ambush. Doolin appeared on foot, leading his horse, carrying a rifle, whistling as he walked in the bright moonlit night. Suddenly Thomas shouted from behind some bushes, calling to the outlaw to surrender. Doolin raised his rifle which was shot out of his hand by several shots fired by posse. Doolin then drew his six-gun and fired twice before a blast from a shotgun fired by Deputy Bill Dunn and rifle bullets fired by Thomas cut him to pieces. The outlaw’s body was later displayed, naked from the waist up, to show the many holes made by shotgun pellets.

This Day…

1877- Pensacola, Florida- John Wesley Hardin was arrested on a train for the murder in 1874 of Deputy Sheriff Charles Webb by Texas Ranger John Barclay Armstrong. Armstrong killed Jim Mann and pistol-whipped Hardin until he was unconscious. Armstrong used the $4000 reward to purchase more than 50,000 acres of cattle land in Wallace County, Tex., calling his spread the XIT ranch, one of the largest at that time. He maintained a large crew of cowhands and rigidly bossed their work, much as he had when operating as a Texas Ranger. One cowboy, a truculent sort, refused to take Armstrong’s harsh order on Nov. 18, 1908, and shot his boss out of his saddle. (The cowboy was later sent to prison for attempted murder.) Armstrong survived this attack as he had so many others and died peacefully in his bed on his ranch, May 1, 1913.